The Anointing of the Sick is a Sacrament by which a Priest will pray over and for a Christian who is ill and possibly facing death due to illness or injury. It is important to recognize that Anointing of the Sick and Last Rites (or Extreme Unction) are not entirely the same thing. When Last Rites are given people are Anointed and Confessed with the probable knowledge they will soon die. When the Anointing of the Sick occurs there is a reasonable hope the person will recover.