The New Testament is the second part of the Christian bible, consisting of 27 Books that were originally written in Koine Greek.
The Gospels, coming from the Old English Gōdspel, meaning Good News, are written accounts of the life and teachings of Jesus.
Gospel according to Matthew
Ascribed to St. Matthew, this Gospel is viewed as having been written by a Jewish Christian for a Jewish audience.
Gospel according to Mark
Ascribed to St. Mark, this Gospel is viewed as having been written for a general audience. It is also the shortest of the Gospels.
Gospel according to Luke
Ascribed to St. Luke, this Gospel is viewed as having been written by a Gentile Christian for a Gentile audience.
Gospel according to John
Ascribed to St. John the Evangelist, it is structured differently than the other three Gospels, and also includes stories of miracles and sayings of Jesus that are not found in the other three.
Acts of the Apostles
Ascribed to St. Luke, this is a narrative of the ministry and activity of the Apostles after Jesus' Ascension.
The Epistles are letters written by the Apostles
St. Paul's Epistles to the Churches
These are letters written by St. Paul to several Churches:
- Epistle to the Romans,
- First and Second Epistles to the Corinthians,
- Epistle to the Galatians,
- Epistle to the Ephesians,
- Epistle to the Philippians,
- Epistle to the Colossians, and the
- First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians.
St. Paul's Pastoral Epistles
These are letters written by St. Paul to specific persons:
- First and Second Epistles to Timothy,
- Epistle to Titus, and
- Epistle to Philemon
Epistle to the Hebrews
This book, which was once attributed to St. Paul, is a letter written to a Jewish or Jewish-Christian audience, and attempts to exhort the readers to persevere in the face of persecution.
The General Epistles
The General, or Catholic, Epistles are a collection of Epistles written for a General audience:
- Epistle of James,
- First and Second Epistles of Peter,
- First, Second and Third Epistles of John, and
- Epistle of Jude.
Book of Revelation
The final book of the New Testament is Revelation, also known as the Apocalypse of John, is a work prophetical or apocalyptic literature.